1948 Mother's Day Tea.
Teachers over the years.
Teacher obits
Twins at Godwin.

- Teachers over the years. -

Godwin teachers 1867-1903. The list below goes from the first teacher in the new one room school house, built in 1867, to just after the turn of the century. The only photograph available of any of these teachers is Nellie Watrous ( spelled Watriis below - it is not clear which, if either, is correct ), shown in section "B".

Winter 1867 Charley Howard
Summer 1868 Lena Anway
Fall 1868 Albina Jones
Nov. 1869 Cornelia Tousey
Apr. 1870 Ella Abel
Jan. 1871 Alice A. Knight
Apr. 1871 Florence Knapp
Dec. 1871 Albina Jones
Oct. 1872 Mary Box
Feb. 1873 Cornelia Tousy
Sept. 1873 Mary A. Nichols
Nov. 1874 Libbie Coffin
Sept. 1875 E. Laraway
Nov. 1875 Cornelia Tousy
Apr. 1876 Estella Shear
Apr. 1877 Flora N. Baley
Sept. 1877 William Hannah
March 1878 Miss Tallman
Sept. 1878 Jennie Chesboro
Nov. 1878 Mary Morrison
Sept. 1879 Mary Cox
Nov. 1879 Lewis K. Davis
Sept. 1880 Mary Morrison
Sept. 1883 Miss Hamilton
Apr. 1884 Jessie Laraway
Sept. 1884 Haty Granger
Apr. 1885 Fanny Godwin
Sept. 1885 Ella G. Bryan
Sept. 1886 Ida Smith
Sept. 1887 Miss Malary
Nov. 1887 Ida Smith
Sept. 1888 Hattie Hills

1892 Viola Pelton

1896 Anna Stevenson
1897 Edna Birdsel
Jan. 1898 Myrtle E. Turner
1899 Nellie Watriis
1900 Ida B. Fuller
1902-1903 Katherine Craken

Whether Fanny Godwin, April, 1885, is a relative of Augustine Godwin, the school's namesake, is not clear. Augustine Godwin had two daughters, Edith and Grace. Two of four sisters lived in Grand Rapids, but their names are not known here.

It would be interesting to have the names of teachers between 1903 and 1924, and photographs. It's likely, of course, that some of the teachers shown below taught at Godwin well before 1929.

Godwin women teachers in 1929.

First Row - Isabel Tooley, Cecil Van Erden, Norma Barnaby, Janet Clark, Dorcas Jackokes, Marian Schmeidy.

Second Row - Ina Densmore, Garda Van Laar, Leona Kirchgessner, Jessie Thomas, Gene Hendershot, Charlotte Saur, Eva Arbing.

Third Row - Ida Wenger, Harriet Richards ( principal ), Dorothy Stocum, Neva Spencer, Dorothy Bower.

( Photograph provided by Lewis Lull, class of 1940.)

Charlotte Saur, second row, near rigtht side. Is this perhaps a sister of Charles Saur?

Margaret Brumbaugh arrived at Godwin in 1928, fresh out of the University of Inidana, and left in about 1936.

Godwin teachers in 1941. The photographs were likely taken by J. B. Ward, who documented the Godwin system for many years. Years ago for sure, many teachers at Godwin were also graduates of Godwin. One example here is Clifford Jones, who was in the Godwin class of 1928, as one can see by looking at the class photograph in section "C". Carroll Munshaw was in the class of 1929. It's likely that many others here are too; at present the class photographs from the early 1930s classes have no names associated with them, but it's likely that some of the teachers shown here are indeed in them.

Click on any photograph for a larger image. Use the "Back" button on your browser to return.

Carl Bahre

Evelyn Barr

Wallace Blair

William Boersma

Elizabeth V. Chynoweth

Robert Courtright

Dorothy Dean

Henry De Haan

Bernadean Flynn

Modanna Freyling

Virginia Haire

Pauline Harbaugh

Jean Ballard Jenkins

Winifred Klenk

Duward Marbaugh

Josephine Markoff

Pierson Miller

Carroll Munshaw

Marjorie Richards

Marian Schmeiding

Marie Simpson

Albert Smith

Albert Smith

William Speer

Mabelle Van Atta

J. B. Ward

Linnea Wykes

Clifford Jones

Photographs and names provided by Lee (Tanner) Collins, class of 1941.

Additional information:

Elizabeth (Chynoweth) Boersma has recently celebrated her 90th birthday recently. Bill and Chy Boersma, August 18, 1990, attending a class of 1940 50th reunion. Bill and Chy Boersma on August 14, 1987.
( Photographs and information supplied by Louise Lull, class of 1940. )

Dorothy Dean in 1988.
( Photographs and information supplied by Louise Lull, class of 1940. )

Duard an Pauline Harbough, April, 1990.
( Photographs and information supplied by Louise Lull, class of 1940. )

Janet Clark Jones - Florida mini reunion, Coco Beach, March 14-15, 2001. ( Possibly the wife of Clifford Jones, class of 1928. )
( Photographs and information supplied by Louise Lull, class of 1940. )

Ruth and Carroll Munshaw attending the class of 1940 50th reunion, August 19, 1990.
( Photographs and information supplied by Louise Lull, class of 1940. )

Lee (Tanner) Collins, class of 1941, has done a great job of providing bios for most of the teachers above. Where known, the date the bio was written is given at the bottom of the page, and corresponds to some event like a class reunion that a teacher attended. Many of the teachers shown were Godwin students themselves, and where known, this information is given.

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Above - class of 1928

Above - class of 1929

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Miss Ballare and Mrs Van Stencel, May 24, 1940. Apparently at some beach. Maybe Lake Michigan for a class event.

NEA Centennial 1857 - 1957

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Teachers' Club Banquet - May 20, 1958.

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Carl Baehr - June, 1959

A profile of Dan Czuhai from 1956.

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A profile of Theresa Staal

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Material supplied by Bob McCarthy, class of 1953.

The bottom column goes under the left column of the image above it.

A profile of Mrs. Marland.

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Photograph provided by Bob Vander Molen, class of 1960.

Ken Klump, class of 1960, and Mrs. Marland, in about 1954. Mrs. Marland was in charge of the safety program, wherein students in the sixth grade, wearing the white belt shown, provided safe crossing of roads for youngers students. She also was responsible for providing discipline to those who could not bring themselves to behave while at the crossings, and developed quite a repuation as being someone you didn't want to visit. "You're going to Marland" was a phrase that struck dread, or more, in to the hearts of many young students, and the safeties at the Division Avenue and 36th Street school had an effective club to use against unruly students. The safeties might have also had some authority on the playgrounds, which were on the west side of Division Avenue.

It's not known how crossings are handled in year 2010. Perhaps adults have to be hired for insurance reasons. The roads around Godwin were mostly less congested in the 1950s.

A profile of Mrs. Ringle.

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Mrs. Ringle, a 4th grade teacher, in about 1952. Why teachers specialized in a single grade is unclear, but by 1952 Godwin was big enough for this to be possible.

A profile of Ms. Lorraine Jarmosco

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Ms. Lorraine Jarmosco, singing teacher at Godwin, in an undated newspaper piece, above left. At right, above, she sings at the Golden G Luncheon, September 10, 2011.

A profile of Mrs. Hilda Mac Gregor

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Hilda Mac Gregor long taught alegbra at Godwin, and was a pillar of the community in terms of giving back. She was also an accomplished Bridge player, and competed actively for years.

Wallace H. Murphy - art teacher

Below are photos of Wallace Murphy's art class in the late 1950's and early to mid 1960's. Further identification is pending.

Wallace H. Murphy

- Teacher obituaries -

Lodisca Alway

Material supplied by Jane Post, class of 1963.

Byford Barr

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Byford "Bike" Barr last lived at 1165 Griswold SE, Grand Rapids, 49507. Where the nikename "Bike" came from is unclear.

Elizabeth Chynoweth

Material supplied by Lee Collins nee Tanner, class of 1941.

Donna Duerr

Harriet Jarmol dies, October 25, 2010.

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The photograph above is from the 1966 annual.

Winifred Klenk

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Winifred Klenk was a Godwin faculty member in the 1940s and 1950s.

Russell H. Koons

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Russell Koons was a chemistry teacher at Godwin in the 1950's and 1960's.

Rodger Northuis

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Gene Nyenhuis

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Bill Rhoades

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Bill Rhoades was Godwin class of 1943. This class elected to not have a class annual to save paper for the war effort. Bill Rhoades graduation photo is below the "43" in the class photograph, in section "C", class of 1943. You can also find photos of him during his Godwin years in that section.

Theresa Staal

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Wayne Stafford

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Godwin was fortunate in having science teachers in all the important areas of science: chemistry, physics, and bilogy. Godwin produced many students able to go on after graduation to careers in medicine, science, and engineering. See section "S", "Science at Godwin", for a look at science at Godwin in the 1950s and 1960s, and the career of Dick Brockmeier, class of 1955. Wayne Stafford was an important part of Godwin's science program.

- Mother's Day Tea -

13th Annual Mother's Day Tea - May 6, 1948

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( Material provided by Lee Neugent, class of 1948. )

- Taverns -

As of year 2004 the only tavern as such along Division Avenue between 28th and 44th - more or less the north-south extent of the Godwin area - is the Southland Tavern, at 3766 S. Division. There are perhaps restaurants that serve spirits, but no bars or taverns as such.

But the situation was probably different in the past. There was the Godwin Hotel, apparently somewhere on the the old Godwin property, which included much of the land between what is today 34th and 36th Streets going north and south, and from Division Avenue to the Grand Rapids and Indianna railroad track, which is now just east of the 131 expressway. Little seems to be known about the hotel now, but it was a stop along the old Grand Rapids to Kalamazoo stage coach line, and it's likely that being a hotel included a bar.

Drinking was a real problem in the past as it is today. One consequence of it was that the title of house was by law automatically held by both the man and wife for married couples. Prior to the law a drinking or otherwise unproductive husband could sell the family house without the wife's knowledge, and perhaps might do so during a bout of gambling and drinking.

In the 1930s through the 1950s there were many bars and taverns along Division Avenue, and many of those changed their names often. See section "L" for some examples. In year 2007 the bar as a stand alone institution seems to have largely faded away. Most drinking establishments are part of restaurants, and are in general eating establishments that families also eat at. It seems the stand alone bar, dark and smokey, and full of those wanting to drown their sorrows, is mostly a dated concept in the area. Perhaps television and other home entertainment has led to more drinking at home. It's highly unlikely the habit has gone away, it has simply gone somewhere else.

- Theaters -

In pre TV America theaters were a major form of entertainment. From about 1915 to 1950, movies and radio fare occupied a great deal of people's time, year around. Eventually the radio moved into the car, and the car into the theater. Drive in theaters ( see section "D" ) first appeared in Camden, NJ, in 1933. But for the most part, people went to indoor movie theaters through at least the 1940s. Heavy on plot, and mostly thin on special effects, and more often than in black and white, movies provided a broad range of subject material. Few things in 2004 rival a double feature, complete with a newsreel, coming attractions, and perhaps a couple of cartoons.

Below is a random sample of what movie goes might experience in and around Godwin, and to some extent in Grand Rapids, a mere dime away on the Division Avenue Bus Line from about 1928 through the 1960s or so.

- Burton and Four Star -

The 4 Star theater, located at the north end of Burton Heights, was in some ways typical of the big Grand Rapids theaters exemplified by the RKO chain theaters, in that the films shown were current, shown right after the downtown theaters had run them, and the interior was more lavish than a typical neighborhood theater, and probably on a par with the larger theaters. The 4 Star might have been built in 1938, and was therefore built about ten years after the Southlawn theater at 4000 Division Avenue.

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March 13, 1947

March 12, 2010

By 2010 the Four Star building had been some kind of latin club, but the building is now for sale again. It appears to be quite run down.

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The ad at the left, above is from May 15, 1948, edition of the Grand Rapids Press.

Originally the Burton Theater, the Burton Capri Theater, located at 2028 South Division, is typical of neighborhood theaters constructed from the 1920's through the early 1940's. These theaters were often single level, with plain interiors, and the all important concession stand in the front. The next theater apparently was the Southlawn, at 4000 S. Division Avenue.

An easy bus ride from stops near Godwin, the 4 Star and Burton Capri were other places to spend a cold, wintery Saturday afternoon if one didn't feel like skating at Bowen's Roller Rink. During the early 1950's the Saturday afternoon fare would include a couple of cartoons, a newsreel, coming attractions, and perhaps two grade B movies, each only about an hour long. The newsreel at that time would often be about the Korean War ( "police action" technically...) and might show some shinny new F100 swept wing "Saber Jets" flying past, at which point the audience would literally start cheering and whistling. Shades of what happened in theaters during WWII I suspect.


The Southlawn Theater ( see below ) went out of business in the early 1950's for some reason. Word has it that the Burton Theater has fallen on hard times (as of year 2000), and the movies it now shows reflect the general, sad deterioration of the Burton Heights area. The 4 Star is in business to this day, although its condition is as questionable as that of Burton Heights itself It might be that the drivein theaters drove the neighborhood theaters out of business. They were in some ways more suitable for those wanting privacy, or bringing large families, in which many promptly went to sleep.

Lee Neugent, Godwin class of 1948, writes:

"I'm glad that you mentioned the 4 Star theater in Burton Heights-although it has little to do with the Godwin area.

Me and a fellow named Ward Kegaries(class of '47) used to work at their Saturday afternoon Kiddie show as clowns - at least we did for a short period of time. We had tried to do some comedy sketches at GHS assemblies and Ward wanted to be a clown in the real sense. Anyway we put on some shows there until some of the kids started to pelt us with all kinds of refuse.

I believe that the 4Star was built in about 1940-we lived in Burton Heights then. It ran films on a second run basis and I continued to go there on occasion after 1950 or so. It matched the down town theaters for appointments in the theater and in the lobby. I distinctly remember seeing "Knute Rockne-All American" there

I also remember the Burton Theater just south of Burton on the east side of the street. They ran a Saturday program for $.10 complete with a feature cowboy film and a serial and handed things out like detective badges etc. Back in those days if we found a penny we would bend over and pick it up! I saw "Wizard of OZ" at the Burton

Of course with films, the big deal was the bus trip to and from downtown Grand Rapids to one of the first run houses. Edie and I had a lot of dates in those theaters. I seem to remember one theater smack in the center of downtown that specialized in news reels, travel films and cartoons-no usual Hollywood stuff at all. It was right across the street from the basnd building that housed radio station WOOD.

Good to be reminded of some of those days."

( Material provided in part by Lee Neugent, Godwin class of 1948. )

- Civic -

The Civic Theater occupies the former Majestic Theater building, on the corner of North Division and Library Street. Originally the theater group wanted to use the Consumer's Power building and the old Power's Theater, but the cost of renovation proved prohibitive, and the group traded those properties, purchased by the Blodgett family, in return for the Majestic Theater.

- Kent -

( Provided by Alta May Keiser, class of 1929 ( did not graduate ), who collected the material, Lee (Tanner) Collins, class of 1941, and Joanne Dulyea Hamilton, class of 1951, and the daughter of Alta May Keiser. )

Cynthia R. (Gross) Caldwell, class of 1956, and Tom Caldwell, class of 1953, suggest the Kent theater was on lower Monroe, near the old Wurburg's department store.

The Kent theater ad, apparently from about June 12, 1930, is from a time about three years into the sound movie era. Clara Bow was one that was able to make the transition to sound movies. Many had voices that essentially doomed them from the movie business once the silent era ended.

The "fight pictures" material is another window on the world of that time. Prmo Carnera, at 6 feet, 6 inches, was either the world champion at the time, or about to become so. Given to great puffery, and enjoying even one staring role in a movie because of his stature as a world heavyweight champion, he, and the rest of the world, only learned later that all of his fights were fixed by the mob. In fact, he had almost no ability to fight at all, but was simply large, and looked the part.

The world of 1930 was greatly entertained by things like horse racing and prize fighting, and no doubt a great deal of money changed hands over the events. And is it why they would be covered in movie newsreels.

A sad aside, what was simply the news of the day at the time, movie newsreels would now be interesting history. Few survive. They were no more likely to than today's newspapers.

- Midtown -

The Midtown was called the Powers until at least 1936. Just exactly when it was renamed the Midtown is not known at this time.

The Powers Theater opened its doors for business in 1874, as the history below shows.

Left click on any item below for a larger version.

Material provided for scanning by Lillian Annis, class of 1941. Julius Cahn-Gus Hill Theatrical guide.

The photograph in the lower row, above, left, was taken in 1936. The layout description in the lower row, above, right, is from 1902.

A advertisement from the March 9, 1918 edition of The Grand Rapids News for the Powers Theater suggests that this was more akin to the now gone Grand Rapids Civic auditorium than a movie theater. Note at the bottom of the third item it mentions that some of the proceeds would go to children in France. WWI would not end until November 11, 1918, so there was probably a great deal of hardship in Europe in March yet.

Located on Pearl Street NE, the Powers Theater opened on May 12, 1874. The items below give some history of the theater, as well as it last activty, that of being torn down, in 1978.

Demolition of the Powers Theater - 1978.

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The photograph of the Midtown Theater, above, first row, left, is thought to have been taken about 1954. The car in the photograph is consistent with that time. The Midtown apparently occuried the same site as the earlier Powers Opera House.

By around 1970 it was over for the Midtown, a.k.a. Powers. A theater district since about 1874, the Midtown met the demise of almost all drive-ins, and many old downtown theaters. TV, and movie rentals, had taken their toll. While TV could not replace things like the theater balcony - wink, wink - it was a less expensive way to watch a movie. In year 2010 technology is enabling theaters to make a modest comback, but the halcyon days of the large downtown theaters is over.

Material supplied by Lee Smith, class of 1953.

- Original -

It's not clear at present where the Original Theater was located. The ad above, from March 9, 1918, is revealing for what it shows about people's interests. In 1918 yet every city and town of any size had a race track, typically a mile long. The fair grounds, later the site of the old airport by Godwin school, contained the local race track. In 1918, and perhaps for 75 or more years before that, horse racing was a major form of entertainment. Less clear, but likely, so was gambling on the horses.

Fox hunting is a rather sadistic "sport" in which costumed riders mount horses, and follow a pack of dogs while they track down a fox. If the fox manages to hide in a hole or pipe, a fox terrier, bred for the purpose, is turned loose and chases the fox out again. Finally exhausted, the fox is ripped to shreds by the dogs. The English in particular still enjoy this kind of activity. Centuries earlier, "royalty" around Europe would engage in this, and similar activities involving deer. There, clearly enough, deerhounds were used. Again, the exhausted deer would eventually be ripped to shreds by the pack of dogs, no doubt to the delight of the "royalty" for whom the event was staged. While fox hunts were held by the well to do in the eastern part of the US, many people find such activities barbaric today, and to the extent they go on today it is likely in as much secrecy as possible.

Steam locomotives wore out in 10 to 20 years, or were replaced by newer models with more desirable features. This led to routine pastime in the early 1900s wherein an event would be staged at fairs, and filmed for the movies, in which a temporary railroad track would be laid, and two locomotives sent at each other with as much speed as possible. The objective was simply to smash the two locomotives to pieces if possible. This apparently never ceased to thrill onlookers, in a day when people did not not have things like violent movies to take them minds off their boredom. Presumably the auto accident mentioned was done in a similar vein.

While it's popular to pronounce today's world as being more violent than in the past, it is more likely that the violence is simply part of human nature, and that, sadly, only the form it takes changes much over the years.

- Our -

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March 13, 1947

c1928 - year built.

The Our Theater was located at 737 West Leonard.

Apparently contests of all sorts were very popular in and around the 1930s. One could win anything from a theater pass to a carton of cigarettes. The contests were patently tailored to promote brand of establishment loyalty, and were a low level form of gambling, and provided entertainment. In a more hands on, participatory world, people were encouraged to learn company ads, songs, and other radio, magazine, and newspaper material, and once in a while turn a head full of trivia into small prize of some sort.

Movie contest post mark

Movie contest results

Jack Laubscher was in the class of 1934 or 1935. Keyes Avenue, names after the Keyes family, including Edna (Carpenter) Keyes, class of 1934, and Forrest Keyes, class of 1932. For some reason the street was later named Horton, the name it has today. The organ program no doubt refers to the pipe organ in the Our Theater. Most theaters had pipe organs in the early part of the century. They provided background sound for silent movies, although sometimes a piano was used. Apparently most pipe organs disappeared after the introduction of sound movies in 1927. Perhaps expensive to maintain, there was additional cost for the player. In 2004 even most churches no longer have pipe organs, and even if they did it's all but impossible to find someone that can play one.

- Royal -

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The photograph above was taken July 19, 1943. The Royal Theater, at 306 Leonard Street northwest, is typical of the many small neighborhood theaters. In about 1945, 80 million people a week took in a movie. This was just before television debuted. A theater like the Royal would usually have Saturday matinees for kids, who would then so trash the theater is was all the owners could do to get it ready for the adult crowd at night. But the theaters were within walking distance for many, and in the safer street climate of those times, it was a pleasant thing to do on a Saturday night. Many of the theaters probably date to the 1920s.

- Southlawn -

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Above, left, Grand Rapids Press photograph, circa 1940. The photograph at the right, above, was taken in 1952, just before the Southlawn theater closed.

The movie shown on the marquee, "Trail of the Vigilantes," with Franchot Tone, was made in 1940. Assuming the movie was shown not too long after it was made, then it's possible the photo was from around that time. A western, perhaps this was a Saturday matinee.

The Southlawn theater was located at 4000 S. Division Avenue, on the southeast corner of Janet Street and Division Avenue. Continuing the developer's dream of the 1920's, where there would be a new Burton Heights style area every three to five miles along Division Avenue, Godwin Heights and then Home Acres were to follow the pattern. The Southlawn theater was actually in a business area called Southlawn, as can be seen on the map below in a segment from a 1955 plat map of Paris Township.

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Left, above, Southlawn Park in 1955. The Southlawn theater area in 2012. Custom MC Services now occupies what was the Southlawn Theater.

Perhaps built in the 1920s, these theaters provided entertainment in a pre-television era, at a time when it's said that 85% of the US population went to a movie each week. ( Of course some never went to a movie, some went a lot, but something like 85 million people went to a movie each week at that time.) So these neighborhood theaters (as opposed to the first run, studio owned theaters like the RKO chain in downtown Grand Rapids) provided easy access by foot for those that might want to take in a movie on a weekday or Saturday afternoon. Theaters like the Southlawn, or at least the buildings that once held them, are scattered all over the Grand Rapids area.

"Wow, talk about memories flooding back. I used to go the Southlawn theater when it cost 10 cents and you got a free candy bar, (beware of worms) or a dish. Also, we used to go to Wimpys (See Wimpy's History.) to get a foot long hotdog. The best. And who remembers the Grand Rapid Jets. Ed (Bozo) Livingston and I were bat boys for them for several years. Ah, sweet memories."

-- Ron Torngren, class of 1953, November, 2000.

The Southlawn theater building on December 4, 2003.

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The Southlawn movie notices below illustrate that the theater existed in 1929 already, and possibly earlier. The phenomena of neighborhood theaters, and Saturday matinees, dates to the early 1920s, and lasted into the 1940s, after which many theater owners decided that having kids trash the theaters each week was not worth the revenue it generated.

Although the source of the first annoucement is nominally from 1929, "The Jazz Singer," widely acknowledged to be the first sound movie, was released in 1927. There is some question about just when it got to the Southlawn theater, which was probably not a first run theater.

The Jazz Singer


Material provided by LeRoy Rockwell, class of 1959.

The item above is from the October 20, 1933, issue of "The Godwin High School News." In year 2006 one can use imdb.com to look up the details of any of the movies mentioned above. Black Beauty was made in to a movie many times, including the 1933 version mentioned above.

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Material provided for scanning by John Kamstra, a local collector.

The Southland Theater advertisements are from in and around 1936.

- Wealthy -

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The Wealthy Theater, March 13, 1947. The markee says "closed for the summer, yet the snow says it's winter. Was the theater closed completely?

- Twins at Godwin -

Click here for a look at twins at godwin in and before 1963. If you know of anyone not represented, please contact me.

- Television -

As a technology, television, a.k.a. TV, was viable by 1936 already, and used by the Germans at the Berlin Olympics. It fair to say that its use in the US was delay a full 10 years by WWII. It started to come into general use in about 1947. The sets were small, expensive, and programming limited, but it was the new wonder, with many implications, as is usually the case with a significant new technology. Pretty clearly, people's habits changed as a result. They went out less, and devoted more of their time to TV rather than more hands on activities, much like today's kids get fat as they sit all day in front of their PCs.

Program quality was general high. Programs like the Milton Berle show could bring the country to a halt. Omnibus, with Allistair Cooke, was highbrow by any standards. It ran from 1952 to 1961 in the US, although irregularly in the later years. It ran from 1967 to 2003 on the British BBC, which is still known for its high quality programming. In the early years, many of the TV programs were largely reformated versions of radio programs. As with all new technologies, some were not sure TV was here to stay. Eventually movies started to appear on TV as ways of synching the different frame rates used on TV and movie film was made possible..

As more and more people started to stay home and watch TV, rather than go to a movie for example, Hollywood started to see the handwriting on the wall, and had to upgrade the technical aspects of its own offerings, to things like Vistavision, Panorama, etc. Mostly gimmicks, but intented to differentiate the movie experience from the stay at home watch TV experience. Color became the norm for movies. While color TV nominally appeared on NBC in 1954, the quality was wretched, the sets very expensive, and the programming very limited, as color TV cameras were expensive as well.

Early TV was live, and very demanding for those on screen. Gaffes were common, but they mostly lent an air of humanity to the situation, unlike the slick productions of year 2013, where an "actor" only has to remember two or three words between retakes. Recording equipment made it possible to store endless retakes, just like the movie production process, and edit the result at the end.

Taking 1947 as the nominal starting point of the general adoption of TV in the Godwin area, what would they have watched?